Fertilization involves the fusion of egg and sperm to form zygote.Fertilization process differs in a way which occurs naturally within the body or through the reproductive technologies outside the body, but the overall outcome or product in both cases is Zygote.In case of humans, Fertilization occurs in the end of the fallopian tube away from the uterus. After ejaculation from a male, millions of sperm start swimming upstream towards the fallopian tubes with the mission to fertilize an egg in the female body. Lucky one few sperm reaches the egg and trying to penetrate through the membrane. Finally one sperm fertilizes the egg generating a zygote. Approximately four days after fertilization, the zygote divides into blastocyst which finally implants itself in the uterine wall. Thus, signalling pregnancy in females.
The Fertile Period
To make pregnancy possible in females, the menstrual cycle is the natural change. Based on the cycle, the most fertile period can be estimated. If a woman can’t get pregnant after a year after having sexual relationship, then, there is a need to visit to the doctor and seek advice.
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Infertility is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of baby.Symptoms &Causes of Infertility among Women , Ovulation disorders, Uterine or cervical abnormalities, Fallopian tube damage or blockage, Endometriosis, Primary ovarian insufficiency, Pelvic adhesions, Damage related to cancer and its treatment.
Symptoms &Causes of Infertility among Men, Abnormal sperm production or function, Problems with the delivery of sperm, Overexposure to certain environmental factors, Genetic Disorder, Damage related to cancer and it’s treatment
Infertility Diagnosis involves the use of number of tools available to help pin point the cause of infertility. Among men, infertility investigations may include Semen Analysis, Testicular Biopsybesides Blood and Urine Analysis and among women, investigation may include Blood tests and Urine tests, determining the Hormone levels, a pelvic ultrasound, post coital test, or an X-ray test. Furthermore, tests may involve one of the following: Laparoscopy and Hysterosalpingogram.
Treating Infertility majorly depends upon various factors involving the cause, age, longevity of being infertility. Treatments can either attempt to restore fertility through:
Medication Procedures,Surgery Help you get pregnant with Assisted ConceptionMany treatments have been available with different success rates. They include fertility drugs, Intrauterine insemination (IUI), In vitro fertilisation (IVF), ART procedures involves Intracytolasmic sperm injection (ICSI), Donor insemination (DI), Egg (or embryo) donation,Surrogacy, Tubal reversal Treatment and other female reproductive surgeries.
Take time to plane, Before you and your partner start treatment, talk about how far you want to go with treatment. For example, you may want to try medicine but don’t want to have surgery. You may change your mind during your treatment, but it’s good to start with an idea of what you want your limits to be.